Unlike DOM events, component events don't bubble. If you want to listen to an event on some deeply nested component, the intermediate components must forward the event.

In this case, we have the same App.svelte and Inner.svelte as in the previous chapter, but there's now an Outer.svelte component that contains <Inner/>.

One way we could solve the problem is adding createEventDispatcher to Outer.svelte, listening for the message event, and creating a handler for it:

<script>
	import Inner from './Inner.svelte';
	import { createEventDispatcher } from 'svelte';

	const dispatch = createEventDispatcher();

	function forward(event) {
		dispatch('message', event.detail);
	}
</script>

<Inner on:message={forward}/>

But that's a lot of code to write, so Svelte gives us an equivalent shorthand — an on:message event directive without a value means 'forward all message events'.

<script>
	import Inner from './Inner.svelte';
</script>

<Inner on:message/>


			
loading editor...

Console

loading Svelte compiler...


			
loading editor...

Compiler options

result = svelte.compile(source, {
generate:
});


			
loading editor...